The Pantanal is one of Brazil’s natural wonders. A swamp, it is located in the middle of South America. The largest wetland in the world, the Pantanal covers an area of over 210,000 square kilometers. This means that it is around half the size of France. Of this, 140,000 square kilometers are in Brazil alone.
The Pantanal is a chief tourist destination, as it is one of the world’s largest swamps, and is known to be one of the prime locations for spotting wildlife in South America. It is a very rich environment in terms of biology. It contains about 656 species of birds, 122 species of mammals, and at least 276 types of fish. It has the highest concentration of animal populations in the entire Americas. Migratory birds love the area, which is very popular among them as a feeding and breeding destination.
The Pantanal is home to a diverse range of animals, many of which are rather massive. The giant anteater and the giant armadillo call the site home. The many lakes and rivers of the Pantanal contain giant otters and swimming anacondas, which are the world’s biggest snake. Visitors will meet big numbers of capybaras, the world’s largest rodent, which graze on the giant water lilies. The Brazilian tapir is the largest native mammal of the Pantanal. It is larger than the jaguar cat, which is larger in the Pantanal than elsewhere in the world.
Some birds and fish of the Pantanal are big in size, as well. These include the Jabiru stork, which is the symbol of the Pantanal and known to locals as the “too-yoo-yoo” bird. The ema, or the greater rhea, is also known for its size. It is the hugest flightless bird of the western hemisphere. The largest parrot species, the rare and striking hyacinth macaw also lives here. The fish species that live there include the dourados, jaus and pacus. They can come in rather big sizes.
The amazing biodiversity of the Pantanal owes itself to various reasons. One of these is the fact that the region has two seasons—a wet one and a dry one. Because of this, the Pantanal has two very different kinds of ecosystems. During the wet season, which lasts from October to March, about 80 percent of the area becomes flooded. In May, the water levels start to fall. Thus, a thin layer of humus loam is left. This loam enriches the soil. This cycle occurs every year. It ensures the renewal of wildlife. The phenomenon is that the fish live in the floodwater. It is great for them. They become food for birds and other animals in the area. When water levels come down, many fish become trapped in lagoons and bays. They cannot find their way to the river. Thus, they become food for alligators, birds, and other animals.
The Brazilian part of the Pantanal is a beautiful natural site for all tourists to visit. If you are interested in nature, make sure you visit this site.